The Align joint venture of Bouygues, Sir Robert McAlpine and Volker Fitzpatrick – the main works contractor on HS2 – has developed an on-board robot that will improve safety and efficiency on the JV’s tunnel boring work on the project.
The Krokodyl robot is claimed to be the first of its kind anywhere in the world and will be installed in the two two tunnel boring machines (TBMs), set to launch early next year, that will be used to bore the 16km-long Chiltern tunnels. The robot, working in a similar manner to the robotic arms used in a car factory production line, will carry out simple repetitive tasks – removing wooden spacers between tunnel segments and inserting connection dowels – that people would normally do.
Tunnel segments weigh up to eight tonnes and are delivered to the TBM with wooden spacers between them, which are generally removed by hand. By fully automating this process, the Krokodyl removes the need for people to work in this potentially hazardous area and helps with the installation of the 112,000 tunnel segments.
The tunnel segments are erected – as the TBM moves forward – in order to form a structural watertight ring designed to support the ground loads.
A second feature of the robot, known as the Dobydo, then places the dowels into position, ready for the segment to be slotted into place. Again, by automating this process, the robot reduces risk to people and improves safety and efficiency.
The Align JV built on its experience of delivering major tunnelling projects across the world to develop the Krokodyl.
Eddie Woods, HS2 Ltd’s head of tunnelling, said: "Safety is a key priority for HS2 and the introduction of these innovations, which essentially remove personnel from harm’s way, are an excellent example of the sort of initiatives we are pleased to see implemented on the project. It is one of the ways that ‘safe at heart’ can be achieved by minimising exposure in high risk locations."
Didier Jacques, Align’s underground construction director, added: "A lot of work has been undertaken by all concerned that has enabled us to develop and introduce this robot, thereby reducing the risk to our personnel. We are very proud of these innovations, which we would be happy to share with tunnelling teams working on other projects across the world."
The two 2,000 tonne TBMs – named ‘Florence’ and ‘Cecilia’ – are due to be launched early next year from a site close to the M25.
Both 170m-long machines are specifically designed for the mix of chalk and flint they will encounter under the Chilterns. Operating a pioneering ‘continuous boring’ technique, they are expected to take about three years to excavate the 9.1m metre diameter tunnels, which will be lined with a concrete ring made of seven separate segments as they go.
The TBMs will convert the spoil into slurry, which will be pumped back to the Align main site where it will be treated before being used for landscaping on-site, removing the need for additional HGVs on local roads.
Watch the robots at work in the video below.