- Client: Saffron Lane Neighbourhood Council
- Lead Contractor: Westleigh, rg + p (architect)
- BIM Tools: ArchiCAD
Leicester-based architect rg + p was tasked with designing a development of 68 affordable eco-homes in Saffron Lane, Leicester.
Previously a disused and overgrown plot of land, Leicester City Council worked in partnership with developer Westleigh, social housing and care provider emh group and Saffron Lane Neighbourhood Council (SLNC) to develop the 13.2-acre site.
rg + p’s brief was to design a mix of affordable housing properties, from one-bedroom apartments to four-bedroom houses, to meet the needs of the local community. Eight of the properties are also wheelchair-friendly. The homes needed to be energy efficient and of high quality design.
Sustainable community living
Another requirement was to create a development that would help to bring the community together. Next to the site is a permaculture farm and a community garden run by SNLC which provides funded work placements and volunteering opportunities for local people. Residents are invited to grow their own fruit, vegetables and supplies, helping to build stronger community ties and to encourage more sustainable living.
Passivhaus timber frame properties
rg + p worked closely with developer Westleigh to design the homes, which were built using timber frames and timber panels, manufactured offsite in Westleigh’s factory. All the homes were constructed using Westleigh’s sustainable timber framing, Westframe PassiPlus, and were built to Lifetime Homes Standard, making them adaptable to residents’ needs throughout their lifetime.
Robert Grewcock, lead architect on the project, explains: “We have a long-standing relationship with Westleigh but this was the first Passivhaus development we have designed using Westleigh’s timber-frame system.
“We employed a Passivhaus consultant throughout the project to advise us and to ensure that we met the strict criteria, while also keeping the housing affordable, scalable and low maintenance. This is the largest Passivhaus-accredited development in the UK.
All properties face south to maximise the warmth from the sun
“Although there are many different types of housing on the site, the living areas are all south facing with increased glazing. Every property on the development has been tested and certified to Passivhaus standards.”
“The annual running costs for heating is expected to be approximately £13 per home. This is in sharp contrast to the average new home in the UK which would typically cost around £735 per year to run.”
The development was designed using Graphisoft’s ArchiCAD, which the practice has used for 3D modelling for more than 10 years. ArchiCAD enabled rg + p to:
- Share information at an early stage
- Deliver initial concepts within just weeks
- Accelerate the design process, moving from inception to models very quickly
- Work more collaboratively with consultants, developers and planners
Initial designs created in weeks
“ArchiCAD has a good library of components which helped us to develop initial design ideas very quickly. We were able to develop the initial site plan and house types within just a few weeks,” says Grewcock.
The team combined every house type into a single master model. In addition, rg + p used ArchiCAD to create detailed street scenes and visualisations to help explain the concept and designs to the developer and the planners.
Grewcock adds: “With ArchiCAD, we quickly created a visualisation to take to client meetings on a laptop, which we could then mark up following the feedback we gained. Once we had agreed the initial concepts, we designed one house in full detail and then rolled out the concept to the other properties, increasing the level of detail as the project progressed. With the help of ArchiCAD, this was very straightforward to do.
“The visualisations were also very helpful during the public consultation and planning phase; consequently, achieving planning permission for the project was a very smooth process.”
The development is the largest Passivhaus-accredited scheme in the UK
rg + p designed the homes to take into account specific considerations for the Passivhaus design. All properties face south to maximise the warmth from the sun. Extra space was allocated for the mechanical ventilation heat recovery (MVHR) units and air ducts, with the service space located on the north side of the properties where the air is cooler.
Straightforward collaboration with multiple stakeholders
Effective collaboration and information sharing was essential throughout the project. rg + p shared IFC files directly from ArchiCAD with the Passivhaus consultant, who in turn could mark up the drawings to alter elements such as air duct sizes where necessary.
In addition, the ArchiCAD models contained the BIM information that Westleigh used to manufacture the timber frame units.
“Once the designs were finalised, we exported the data that Westleigh needed to manufacture the timber frame units. Westleigh manufactured the bespoke timber panels which were made to the exact size for each property. The properties were quickly assembled on site, insulated and sealed in an air-tight wrap, and finished with a brick and render outer skin.”
An exemplar design for the future
The homes were built in phases and completed in summer 2017. Using timber frame, Westleigh was able to construct the homes much faster than with traditional building methods in a quality-controlled environment, resulting in a more energy-efficient and cost-effective construction process.
Every home was air tested and accredited individually to guarantee it met the Passivhaus standard. The homes are now being monitored for energy efficiency, and initial feedback from residents is very positive.
The scheme has highlighted the benefits of sustainable affordable housing and will act as a positive role model to encourage similar projects across the country. Since completion it has won several industry awards including the Structural Timber Awards Best Social Housing Project 2017 and the SHIFT Awards (Sustainable Homes Index for Tomorrow) Best New Build Project 2017.