In a recent experiment at the university, the printing process has been used to produce nine individually designed concrete columns.
The fabrication process allows the production of concrete elements without the need for any formwork. In addition, one-off designs with complex geometries can be fabricated in a fully automated manner.
Hollow concrete structures are printed in a way where the material can be strategically used only where needed, allowing a more sustainable approach to concrete architecture.
Each of the nine 2.7m tall columns was concrete 3D printed at full height in two and a half hours.
The ETH Zurich team says that the digitally designed material ornamentation and surface texture shows the versatility and significant aesthetic potential of 3D concrete printing in large-scale structures.